Table of Contents

HK J Paediatr (New Series)
Vol 8. No. 4, 2003

HK J Paediatr (New Series) 2003;8:299-306

Paediatric Surgical Forum

Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS): An Overview of the Etiology and Basic Management Principles
青少年特發性脊柱側彎:病原學和基本治療原則的總結

SP Tang, JCY Cheng, BKW Ng, TP Lam


Abstract

In the past four decades, considerable progresses have been made in the understanding of the clinical behavior and the pathoanatomy of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Significant advances in the surgical treatment and instrumentation have also been observed. However, the definite etiology is still unclear and thus the current treatments are at best treating the complications of AIS rather than the direct underlying cause. The objective of this overview is to update our knowledge on the epidemiology, natural history of AIS, discuss a number of advances in the research related to the etiology of AIS and present a brief summary of the current concept of management.

過去四十年來,關於青少年特發性脊柱側彎臨床特徵及病理解剖學的研究取得很大進展。外科手術療法和相關器械也有長足進步。然而,病因至今尚不明確,因此目前治療主要是針對合併症的治療,而不是對因治療。這篇總結的目的是更新關於青少年特發性脊柱側彎流行病學和自然病程的知識,討論病因學方面研究的進展,簡要總結目前關於治療的概念。

Keyword : Adolescent; Etiology; Scoliosis; Spinal brace

關鍵詞:青少年、病原學、脊髓側彎、脊柱的支持

 
 

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