Table of Contents

HK J Paediatr (New Series)
Vol 16. No. 2, 2011

HK J Paediatr (New Series) 2011;16:85-94

Original Article

Management of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin Lymphadenitis

WM Chan, YW Kwan, CW Leung


Bacillus Calmette-Guéin (BCG) related regional lymphadenitis is not an uncommon complication following BCG vaccination. We present a case series of 11 infants with suppurative BCG lymphadenitis managed in Hospital Authority Infectious Disease Centre of Hong Kong over a 5-year period. All of them presented with isolated left axillary mass which suppurated at a mean of 3.5 months (range 2 to 5 months) after BCG vaccination. The diagnosis of the condition is basically clinical. Five infants who were initially managed with needle aspiration alone showed significant regression in the sizes of their enlarged lymph nodes and surgical excision was spared. Surgical incision and drainage was performed in 5 other infants prior to referral to our centre. They all developed significant irregular scarring and 2 eventually developed keloids over their scars upon healing. We recommend that suppurative BCG lymphadenitis should be managed initially by needle aspiration. Total excision should be considered if aspiration fails or suppuration recurs despite repeated needle aspiration. Incision and drainage is mentioned to be condemned.

Keyword : Bacillus Calmette-Guéin (BCG); Lymphadenitis; Management

Abstract in Chinese


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