Guide for Author

The Hong Kong Journal of Paediatrics (HKJP) is a joint publication of Hong Kong College of Paediatricians (HKCPaed) and Hong Kong Paediatric Society (HKPS). The HKJP publishes original research papers, review articles, case reports, editorials, commentaries, letters to the editor and conference proceedings. Topics of interest will include all subjects that relate to clinical practice and research in paediatrics and child health.

Manuscripts are accepted on the condition that they are submitted solely to the HKJP and have not been published elsewhere previously and are not under consideration by another journal. A complete report following presentation or publication of preliminary findings elsewhere can be considered.

Categories of articles include the following:

Original Articles The text should not usually exceed 5,000 words; the number of tables, figures, or both should normally be not more than six, and references not more than 50.

Review Articles Reviews are usually invited systematic critical assessments of literature.

Case Reports Length should not exceed 1,500 words; the number of tables or figures used should not be more than two, and references should not be more than 10. Limit the number of authors to 4.

Commentaries Commentary on current topics are welcome. Length should not exceed 1,200 words; no tables or figures allowed, and references should not be more than 20.

Letters to the Editor Letters discussing a recent article in the HKJP are welcome. Original letters that do not refer to an HKJP article may also be considered. Letters should not exceed 500 words and have no more than five references. Published letters may be edited.

Manuscript Preparation

  1. Use Arabic numerals for numbers above nine, for designators (e.g. case 5, day 2, etc.) and for units of measure; numbers should be spelled out if below 10, at the beginning and end of sentences, and for fractions below one.

  2. Manuscripts should be word-processed or typed double-spaced on one side of good quality A4 (210 x 297 mm) paper. Pages should have margins of 1 inch (25 mm).

  3. Do not use abbreviations in the title or abstract and limit their use in the text. Standard abbreviations may be used and should be defined on first mention in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement.

  4. SI units should be used or included in parenthesis.

Ethical Consideration

For original clinical study, authors must state that the protocol for the research project has been approved by the Ethics Committee of the institution within which the work was undertaken. All investigations on human subjects must include a statement that informed consents have been obtained. Patient anonymity must be preserved. Photographs need to be prepared to prevent human subjects being recognised. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.

The manuscript should usually be arranged as follows:

Title page
This page should include the full names, and affiliations of all authors. A short title of no more than 40 characters should also be given. Up to three academic degrees for each author are allowed. If an author's affiliation has changed since the work was done, list the new affiliations as well. Limit the number of authors to 4 for case reports and clinical quiz.

Abstract and Key words
The abstract should be no more than 150 words summarising the purpose, methods, findings and conclusions. Authors should provide no more than five key words to assist with cross-indexing of the paper. Key words should be taken from Index Medicus.





Number references in the order they appear in the text. References should follow the Vancouver style and should appear in the text, tables and legends as arabic numerals in superscript. Journal titles should be abbreviated in accordance with Index Medicus. List all authors and/or editors up to six; if more than six, list the first three and "et al".

Examples of References:

Articles in Journals

  1. Standard journal article Greenberg DL, Root RK. Decision making by analogy. N Engl J Med 1995;332:592-6.

  2. Organisation as author The Royal Marsden Hospital Bone-Marrow Transplantation Team. Failure of syngeneic bone-marrow graft without preconditioning in post-hepatitis marrow aplasia. Lancet 1977;2:742-4.

  3. No author given Coffee drinking and cancer of the pancreas [editorial]. BMJ 1981;283:628.

  4. Issue with supplement Gardos G, Cole JO, Haskell D, Marby D, Paine SS, Moore P. The natural history of tardive dyskinesia. J Clin Psychopharmacol 1988;8(4 Suppl):31S-37S.

  5. Type of article indicated as needed [i] Fuhrman SA, Joiner KA. Binding of the third component of complement C3 by Toxoplasma gondii [abstract]. Clin Res 1987;35:475A. [ii] Feldman N. Laparoscopic nephrectomy [letter]. N Engl J Med 1991;325:1110.

Books and Other Monographs

  1. Personal author(s) Colson JH, Armour WJ. Sports injuries and their treatment. 2nd ed. London: S. Paul, 1986.

  2. Editor(s), compiler as author Dausset J, Colombani J, editors. Histocompatibility testing 1972. Copenhagen: Munksgaard, 1973.

  3. Chapter in a book Steiner RE, Bydder GM. Clinical nuclear magnetic resonance imaging. In: Dawaon AM, Compston ND, Besser GM, editors. Recent advances in medicine no. 19. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingston, 1984:39-56.

  4. Conference paper Harley NH. Comparing radon daughter dosimetric and risk models. In: Gammage RB, Kaye SV, editors. Indoor air and human health. Proceedings of the Seventh Life Sciences Symposium; 1984 Oct 29-31; Knoxville(TN). Chelsea(MI): Lewis, 1985:69-78.

  5. Dissertation Cairns R.B Infrared spectroscopic studies of solid oxygen [dissertation]. Berkeley, (CA): Univ. of California, 1965.

  6. Scientific and technical report Akutsu T. Total heart replacement device. Bethesda (MD): National Institutes of Health, National Heart and Lung Institute; 1974 Apr Report No: NIH-NHLI-69-2185-4.

Unpublished Material

  1. In press Lillywhite HD, Donald JA. Pulmonary blood flow regulation in an aquatic snake. Science. In press.

  2. A reference to unpublished work which has not yet been accepted for publication should not appear in the reference list but should be cited in the text as unpublished data or personal communication.

Type or print out each table double-spaced on a separate sheet of A4 paper. Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each. Give each column a short or abbreviated heading. Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. Vertical rules and horizontal rules should be omitted.

Illustrations (Figures)
Submit 3 complete sets of figures. Illustrations include photographs, photomicrographs, charts and diagrams, and these should be camera-ready. Freehand or typewritten lettering is unacceptable. Illustrations should be sharp, glossy black-and-white photographic prints, and no larger than 210 x 297 mm. Letters, numbers and symbols should be clear and of sufficient size to retain legibility when reduced. Titles and detailed explanations should be confined to legends and not included in illustrations. Costs of colour printing will be charged to authors.

Number illustrations consecutively according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text. Each figure should be identified clearly on the back with a label which states its number, name of first author, short form of title, and an arrow to show orientation. Photomicrographs must have internal scale markers and include magnification. Photographs of persons must be retouched to make the subject unidentifiable, or be accompanied by written permission from the subject to use the photograph.

All illustrations require legends, typed on a separate page, double-spaced and with arabic numbers corresponding to the illustrations. Explain the internal scale and identify the method of staining in photomicrographs.

Supporting Video
Supporting video is not essential to the article but may provide greater depth and background. The video clip can be submitted with your manuscript in MP4 file format with H.264 codec. The size of the video should not exceed 5 MB. If accepted, the video will appear online on the Journal's website,

Declaration of Conflicts of Interest
All sources of funding for research are to be explicitly stated. All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organisations that could inappropriately influence their work. It is the sole responsibility of authors to disclose any affiliation with any organisation with a financial interest, direct or indirect, in the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript that may affect the conduct or reporting of the work submitted.

If there are no declarations, authors should explicitly state that there are none. This must be stated at the point of submission (within the manuscript, after the main text, under a subheading "Declaration of interest"). Manuscript submission cannot be completed unless a declaration of interest statement (either stating the disclosures or reporting that there are none) is included. This will be made available to reviewers and will appear in the published article.

The intent of this policy is not to prevent authors with any particular relationship or interest from publishing their work, but rather to adopt transparency such that reviewers, editors, the publisher, and most importantly, readers can make objective judgments concerning the work product.

Twenty-five offprints will be supplied to the corresponding author. Offprints will be provided only if a completed Offprint Order form is returned to the Publisher by the specified date.Extra offprints can be ordered at the time of proof-reading at a cost.

The HKJP is published quarterly and distributed to all members of HKCPaed and all members of HKPS as part of their membership. It is also available to non-members on subscription. The rate for four issues is HK$600 per year for Hong Kong delivery.

All manuscripts, correspondence and subscription should be addressed to:- Chief Editor, Hong Kong Journal of Paediatrics Limited, c/o Hong Kong College of Paediatricians, Room 801, HK Academy of Medicine Jockey Club Building, 99 Wong Chuk Hang Road, Aberdeen, Hong Kong. [Email:]

The opinions expressed in the HKJP are those of the authors and not those of HKCPaed, HKPS or the publisher. The HKJP, HKCPaed and HKPS do not hold any legal responsibility for the opinions expressed in the articles, unless this is clearly specified. The authors should hold legal responsibility for the content and opinion expressed.

Manuscripts and discs are submitted at the sender's risk and the HKJP, HKCPaed and HKPS assume no responsibility for return of material.


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