Table of Contents

HK J Paediatr (New Series)
Vol 22. No. 4, 2017

HK J Paediatr (New Series) 2017;22:209-216

Original Article

Frequency of Refraction Errors among School-age Children in Ankara, Turkey: A Cross-Sectional Study

U Aydogan, OM Ceylan, P Nerkiz, YC Doganer, OT Tombus, G Gokce, M Thurston, FM Mutlu, HI Altinsoy


Uncorrected refractive errors are the most frequent cause of visual impairment in school-age children. The present study sought to evaluate frequency of refraction disorders in school-age children at different socio-cultural levels in Ankara/Turkey. This cross-sectional study was carried out on 1729 children 7-14 years of age. Frequency of refractive errors were determined as 10.8% (n=186) myopia, 3.8% (n=66) hyperopia and 26.3% (n=455) astigmatism. Multiple regression analysis revealed that age (OR:1.23, p<0.001), positive family history of myopia (OR:2.36, p<0.001), number of siblings (OR:0.73, p=0.001) and maternal working status (OR:0.32, p=0.002) were significantly associated with myopia in children. Frequency of myopia as a cause of refractive errors was increased compared with the other developed countries. Regular eye screening programs in school-aged children should be essential practices to prevent vision loss.

未矯正的屈光不正是引致學齡兒童視力受損的最常見原因。本研究擬評估土耳其安卡拉的不同社會文化階層學齡兒童屈光性疾病的發病率。對1729名7-14歲兒童進行橫斷面研究。屈光不正的發病率為:近視10.8%(n=186),遠視3.8%(n=66),散光26.3%(n=455)。多重回歸分析提示年齡(OR:1.23, p<0.001)、近視家族史陽性(OR:2.36, p<0.001)、兄弟姊妹數目(OR:0.73, p=0.001)、母親工作狀態(OR:0.32, p=0.002),與兒童近視顯著相關。作為屈光不正的原因之一,近視的發病率高於其他發達國家。在學齡兒童中進行常規眼睛篩查計劃,是預防視力下降的重要方法。

Keyword : Children; Eye examination; Frequency; Refractive errors



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